Aerospace & Military Medicine
Travis Richardson, M.D. - Chair
Aerospace Medicine is a discipline of medical practice within Preventive Medicine. It focuses on the health of a population group defined by the operating crews and passengers of air and space vehicles together with the support personnel required to operate them. Segments of this population often work and live in remote, isolated, and sometimes closed environments under conditions of physical and psychological stress rarely encountered in terrestrial life. Physicians in Aerospace Medicine address the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of disorders associated with these unique environments and with the adaptive systems designed to enhance performance and support life under such conditions.
Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
Cheryl Walker-McGill, M.D. - Chair
An Allergist-Immunologist is concerned with the evaluation, physical and laboratory diagnosis, and management of disorders potentially involving the immune system. Selected examples of such conditions include asthma, anaphylaxis, rhinitis, eczema, urticaria and adverse reactions to drugs, foods, and insect stings as well as immune deficiency diseases (both acquired and congenital), defects in host defense, and problems related to autoimmune disease, organ transplantation or malignancies of the immune system.
P. Grace Harrell, M.D., MPH – Chair
The Anesthesiologist provides pain relief and maintenance, or restoration, of a stable condition during and immediately following an operation, an obstetric or diagnostic procedure. This specialist assesses the risk of the patient undergoing surgery and optimizes the patient’s condition prior to, during, and after surgery. Anesthesiologists diagnose and treat acute and longstanding pain problems. They diagnose and treat patients who have critical illnesses or are severely injured and direct resuscitation in the case of patients with cardiac or respiratory emergencies including the provision of artificial ventilation.
Philip Roane, M.D. – Chair
The Basic Science Section focuses on biomedical research investigations into the nature of a clinical entity in order to obtain knowledge about basic mechanisms. These topics are discussed in relation to patient care.
Community Medicine & Public Health
Allan S. Noonan, M.D., MPH – Chair
Public Health and Preventive Medicine is a specialty that focuses on the health of individuals and defined populations in order to protect, promote and maintain health and well-being, and to prevent disease, disability and premature death. The discipline includes:
- Health services administration
- Environmental and occupational influences on health
- Social and behavioral influences on health
- Measures that prevent the occurrence, progression and disabling effects of disease or injury
Jeanette Pitts, M.D. - Chair
Dermatology is the specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease of the skin, hair and nails in all age groups. Expertise founded on knowledge in basic science is required to treat a variety of skin infections and immunological reactions. Dermatologists perform cutaneous and laser surgery and cosmetic procedures to provide early control of disease and to improve the skin’s appearance and function.
Ugo A. Ezenkwele, M.D., MPH
Emergency Medicine is the specialty that focuses on the care of the acutely injured or critically ill patient. The ability to rapidly identify life-threatening conditions and act definitively to prevent death and disability is the hallmark of an emergency medicine physician.
Emergency medicine physicians are an essential part of the nation’s health care network. We interact with a large variety of emergency medical services and pre-hospital personnel. We are uniquely suited to provide the initial physician response in natural and man-made disasters. We provide access to health care to millions of the nation's uninsured and underinsured populations. Emergency Medicine physicians are actively advancing the body of evidence of acute care by conducting groundbreaking clinical investigations in areas such as stroke, sepsis, and resuscitation.
The Emergency Medicine Section of the National Medical Association is comprised of emergency medicine physicians representing a diverse range of practice settings. Our members are based at a wide variety of community, academic, and public hospitals across the nation. Several of our members are actively involved in the global development of emergency medicine as a specialty. We are united in the common goal of advancing the quality of care to all patients who present to our departments. Please join us!
Melaine Mencer-Parks, M.D.
Family Practice physicians diagnose and treat a wide variety of ailments in patients of all ages. Their domain includes surgery, psychiatry, internal medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, pediatrics and geriatrics. They place special emphasis on care of families on a continuing basis, utilizing consultations and community resources when appropriate. They are able to apply modern techniques to prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the vast majority of common illnesses and injuries.
Wallace R. Johnson Jr, M.D.
The NMA Internal Medicine Section encompasses 13 Internal Medicine subspecialties: General Internal Medicine, Cardiovascular Disease, Critical Care Medicine, Endocrinology, Gastroenterology, Geriatric Medicine, Hematology, Immunology, Infectious Disease, Medical Oncology, Nephrology , Pulmonology and Rheumatology.
- The General Internist provides long-term, comprehensive care in both the office and the hospital, managing common illnesses and complex problems in adults of all ages.
- Physicians in Cardiovascular Disease focus upon diseases of the heart and blood vessels, manage complex cardiac conditions such as heart attacks and life-threatening abnormal heart rhythms.
- The Critical Care Specialist Internist manages life-threatening disorders in intensive care units. Shock, coma, heart failure, trauma, cardiorespiratory arrest, drug overdose, massive bleeding, diabetic acidosis, and kidney failure are examples of conditions requiring critical care.
- The Endocrinologist focuses on disorders such as diabetes, metabolic and nutritional disorders of the thyroid, pituitary and adrenal glands, and gonads.
- Gastroenterology is concerned with the digestive organs. Gastroenterologists treat diseases of the esophagus, stomach, liver, pancreas and bowel.
- Geriatric Medicine Internists focus upon the aging process and the diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive and rehabilitative aspects of illness in the elderly. Examples of common geriatric conditions include incontinence, falls, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias.
- Hematologists are concerned with diseases of the blood, spleen and lymph glands. They treat conditions such as anemia, clotting disorders, sickle cell disease, hemophilia, leukemia and lymphoma.
- Immunology is a discipline in which various tests and procedures are used to diagnose and treat disorders characterized by defective responses of the body’s immune systems.
- Infectious Disease Physicians focus on infections of all types and in all organs. Infectious Disease Physicians are also concerned with preventive medicine and conditions associated with travel.
- Medical Oncologists diagnose and treat all types of benign and malignant tumors. These physicians decide upon and administer chemotherapy for malignancy.
- Nephrologists are concerned with disorders of kidney, high blood pressure, fluid and mineral balance, dialysis of body wastes when the kidneys do not function, and consultation with surgeons about kidney transplantation.
- The Rheumatologist diagnoses and treats arthritis, back pain, muscle strains, common athletic injuries and “collagen” disease.
- The Pulmonary Specialist focuses upon acute and chronic disease of the lung, including asthma, bronchitis, emphysema and pulmonary emboli. Lung cancer is also commonly treated.
Cargill H. Alleyne Jr, M.D. - Chair
Neurology is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of all categories of disease or impaired function of the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, muscles and autonomic nervous system, as well as the blood vessels that relate to these structures. Neurologists serve as consultants to other physicians but also are often the principal or primary physicians and may render all levels of care commensurate with their training. This may include continuing care of outpatients and/or inpatients. The Neurologist will often perform and interpret certain tests that relate to the central or peripheral nervous system or muscles.
Neurosurgery is the discipline of medicine and surgery that provides the operative and non-operative management (i.e., prevention, diagnosis, evaluation, treatment, critical care and rehabilitation) of disorders of the central, peripheral and autonomic nervous systems, including their supporting structures and vascular supply; the evaluation and treatment of pathological processes that modify function or activity of the nervous system, including the hypophysis; and the operative and non-operative management of pain. Neurosurgery includes treatment of patients with disorders of the nervous system: the brain, meninges, skull and their blood supply, including the extracranial carotid and vertebral arteries; disorders of the pituitary gland; disorders of the spinal cord, meninges and spine, including treatment by fusion or instrumentation; and disorders of the cranial and spinal nerves throughout their distribution.
Obstetrics & Gynecology
Victoria L. Green, M.D., JD
Obstetrics is concerned with the total care of the female from adolescence to postmenopausal. As a provider of primary care to many women, this section is focused on all aspects of women’s health. The major subspecialities include:
- Maternal Fetal Medicine covers the diagnoses, monitoring and treatment of high-risk pregnancy, diagnosis and interpretation of ultrasound and other complex diagnosis.
- Gynecologic Oncology provides for the study of cancer of the pelvic area. Specifically, it provides diagnostic, operative, non-operative management of uterine cancer. The investigation of the latest technology on pap smears is a major component of Gynecologic-Oncologists.
- Reproductive Endocrinology is focused on the provision of care to women with reproductive disorders, including abnormal pubertal disorders, infertility and assisted reproductive technologies, pelvic and reconstructive surgery and early pregnancy- related complications.
- General Obstetrics is concerned with the care and treatment during pregnancy inclusive of labor, delivery and the care of the mother.
- General Gynecology is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the female reproductive system.
Daniel Laroche, M.D. - Chair
Vision is arguably the most important of our five senses. Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine concerned with the medical and surgical care of the eyes and visual system, and the prevention of eye diseases and injury. Examples of some of the disorders treated include nearsightedness, farsightedness, presbyopia, ocular allergy, corneal scar, cataract, glaucoma, lazy eye, macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, eyelid and orbital tumors, optic neuritis, thyroid eye disease, eye movement disorders and ocular manifestations of systemic diseases. An Ophthalmologist is a medically trained physician specialist who can deliver total eye care. The Ophthalmologist may utilize eyeglasses, contact lenses, sophisticated lasers and instrumentation, and conventional surgery such as corneal transplant to diagnose and/or treat the various disorders. The annual scientific program encompasses discussions on the wide spectrum of eye disorders and treatment. Opportunities for sponsoring educational and other activities, including named lectureships and awards such as the Rabb-Venable Ophthalmology Award, are available.
Ronald W. Baker, M.D.
Orthopaedic Surgery includes the preservation, investigation and restoration of the form and function of the extremities, spine and associated structures by medical, surgical and physical means. Orthopedic Surgeons are involved with the care of patients whose musculoskeletal problems are present at birth or develop at any time during their lifetime. Congenital deformities, trauma, infections, tumors and metabolic disturbances of the musculoskeletal system are problems cared for by the Orthopedic Surgeon. These musculoskeletal problems include deformities, injuries and degenerative diseases of the spine, hands, feet, knee, hip, shoulder and elbow in children and adults. The Orthopedic Surgeon is concerned with primary and secondary muscular problems. They are also involved in the care of patients who manifest the effects of central or peripheral nervous system lesions on the musculoskeletal system.
Anita L. Jackson, M.D.
Otolaryngologists focus on the medical and surgical care of patients with diseases and disorders that affect the ears, the respiratory and upper alimentary systems and related structures; the head and neck in general. Otolaryngologists are concerned with the respiratory and upper alimentary systems; the communication sciences, including knowledge of audiology and speech-language pathology; the chemical senses and allergy, endocrinology and neurology as they relate to the head and neck; the clinical aspects of diagnosis and the medical and/or surgical therapy or prevention for diseases, neoplasms, deformities, disorders and/or injuries of the ears, the respiratory and upper alimentary systems, the face, jaws and the other head and neck systems. Head and neck oncology and facial plastic and reconstructive surgery are fundamental areas of the discipline.
Billy Ballard, DDS, M.D.
Pathology is that discipline of the practice of medicine that deals with the causes and nature of disease. It contributes to diagnosis, prognosis and treatment through knowledge gained by the laboratory application of the biologic, chemical and physical sciences to man, or materials obtained from man. Pathologists diagnose, exclude and monitor disease by means of information gathered from the microscopic examination of tissue specimens, cells, and body fluids, and from clinical laboratory tests on body fluids and secretions. Pathologists are involved with the management of laboratories as well as in data processing and with new developments in high technology.
Susanne Tropez-Sims, M.D. - Chair
Pediatrics is concerned with the physical, emotional and social health of children from birth to young adulthood. Pediatric care encompasses a broad spectrum of health services ranging from preventive health care to the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic diseases. Pediatrics is a discipline that deals with biological, social and environmental influences on the developing child and with the impact of disease and dysfunction on development. Children differ from adults anatomically, physiologically, immunologically, psychologically, developmentally and metabolically. The Pediatrician understands this constantly changing functional status of his/her patients incident to growth and development, and the consequent changing standards of “normal” for age.
Pediatricians define the child’s health status, serve as consultants and also use other physicians as consultants. Because children’s welfare is heavily dependent on the home and family, the Pediatrician supports efforts to create a nurturing environment. Such support includes education about healthful living and anticipatory guidance for both patients and parents. A Pediatrician participates at the community level in preventing or solving problems in child health care.
Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
William Doss, M.D. – Chair
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, also referred to as Rehabilitation Medicine, is concerned with diagnosing, evaluating and treating patients with impairments and/or disabilities, which involve musculoskeletal, neurologic, cardiovascular or other body systems. The primary focus is on maximal restoration of physical, psychological, social and vocational function and on alleviation of pain. For diagnosis and evaluation, the techniques of electromyography and electrodiagnosis as supplements to the standard history, physical, x-ray and laboratory examinations may be included. In addition to traditional treatment modes, the physician in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation may use therapeutic exercise, prosthetics, orthotics, mechanical and electrical devices.
Sylvia Gates Carlisle, M.D., M.B.A. - Chair
The Physician Executives’ Section serves as a forum for physicians with leadership and management responsibilities within health care organizations to share ideas and information. Because of the increasing complexity within the health care industry, many health care organizations look to physicians to lead the design and implementation of strategies that address the needs of patients, families, neighbourhoods or other populations. Members of the Physician Executives’ Section work in a range of organizations including, but not limited to, hospitals, managed care organizations, academic medical centers, public health agencies, governmental agencies, physician groups, medical societies, insurance companies, pharmaceutical companies and consulting firms.
The number of physicians who devote significant amounts of their professional time to leadership and management is increasing. The Physician Executives’ Section seeks to provide mutual support for physicians who step forward into leadership roles within the American health care sector. As a result, this section is growing rapidly and expects to continue to make significant contributions to the NMA through its next 100 years.
Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
Gregory Antoine, M.D. – Co Chair & Meka Onyewu, M.D. – Co-Chair
Plastic Surgery deals with the repair and reconstruction of defects of form and function of the integument and its underlying musculoskeletal system, with emphasis on the craniofacial structures, the oropharynx, the upper and lower limbs, the breast and the external genitalia. It includes aesthetic surgery of structures and undesirable form. Plastic Surgeons are involved with the design and transfer of flaps, the transplantation of tissues, and the replantation of structures. Plastic Surgery includes: excision-al surgery; management of complex wounds; use of alloplastic materials; surgical design; surgical diagnosis; surgical and artistic anatomy; surgical pathology; surgical oncology; surgical physiology; pharmacology and bacteriology; biomechanics; embryology; and surgical instrumentation.
Lisa Greene, M.D., M.P.H. – Chair
The Postgraduate Physician Program consists of residents, fellows and physicians in the first five years after completion of residency or fellowship training. The central objectives of the Postgraduate Physician Program are: to address the educational, cultural and social needs and concerns of its members; and to provide an opportunity to develop leadership and to foster mentoring relationships within the NMA.
Psychiatry & the Behavioral Sciences
Michelle O. Clark, M.D. – Chair
Psychiatrists prevent, diagnose and treat mental, addictive and emotional disorders, e.g., psychoses, depression, anxiety disorders, substance abuse disorders, developmental disabilities, sexual dysfunctions, adjustment reactions, etc. Psychiatrists are involved with the biological, psychological and social components of illness. They order diagnostic laboratory tests and prescribe medications, as well as evaluate and treat psychological and interpersonal problems. Psychiatrists may intervene with individuals and families who are coping with stress crises and other problems of living.
The discipline of Psychiatry may also include psychoanalysis, psychiatric aspects of general medicine, psychopharmacology, alcohol and substance abuse, geriatrics, neuropsychiatry and forensic psychiatry.
Tina Young Poussaint, M.D. – Chair
Radiology is a specialty in medicine that uses imaging technologies to evaluate, diagnosis, and treat disease. These imaging technologies include xray, fluoroscopy, ultrasound, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and molecular imaging techniques such as nuclear medicine. The radiologist is the physician who has expertise in training and interpretation of these medical images and consults with referring physicians about the patients sent for imaging studies. There are numerous radiology subspecialties within diagnostic radiology including interventional radiology, pediatric radiology, neuroradiology, musculoskeletal radiology, genitourinary radiology, gastrointestinal radiology, emergency radiology, chest radiology, cardiovascular radiology and breast imaging.
Debra Holly Ford, M.D. – Chair
A General Surgeon manages a broad spectrum of surgical conditions affecting almost any area of the body. The General Surgeon establishes the diagnosis and provides the preoperative, operative and postoperative care to surgical patients and is usually responsible for the comprehensive management of the trauma victim and the critically ill. The General Surgeon’s domain includes congenital, infectious, metabolic and neoplastic problems relating to the head and neck, breast, abdomen, extremities, including the hand and the gastrointestinal, vascular and endocrine systems. The Surgeon uses a variety of diagnostic techniques, including endoscopy, for observing internal structures, and may use specialized instruments during operative procedures. The General Surgeon’s domain also includes the salient features of other surgical specialties in order to recognize problems in those areas and to know when to refer a patient to another specialist.
Walter Rayford, M.D., PhD
Urologists manage benign and malignant medical and surgical disorders of the adrenal gland and of the genitourinary system.
Urologists focus on endoscopic, percutaneous and open surgery of congenital and acquired conditions of the reproductive and urinary systems and their contiguous structures.
Wendi El-Amin, M.D.
The Women’s Health Section was established to examine and formulate quality contributions to advance the nation’s agenda on women’s health. It also serves as a pathway to accomplish the two distinct roles of professional support and professional leadership for NMA women physicians.